عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
During 2011-2014, in the course of a faunistic survey of parasitoid wasps in Mazandaran Province Cleonymus laticornis (Hym.:Pteromalidae) was collected and identified for the first time from Iran. This species identified by Dr. Antoni Ribes (Spain).
Cleonymus laticornis Walker, 1837 (Hym.: Pteromalidae)was reported from France, Britain, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovak, Swiss, Morocco (1), Belgian, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Netherland, China, Spain, Belarus, Switzerland, United kingdom and United States (3).
Graham (1969) introduced C. laticornisas parasitic on xylophagous Coleoptera as on sunny days in May and June, females may be seen searching for their hosts on the branches of old trees particularly Salix sp. (Salicaceae) and Corylus sp. (Betulaceae) attacked by beetles (2). This parasitoid wasp was reported of the larvae of Ochina hederae (Col., Anobiidae) on host covered with ivy for the first time by Westwood in 1839. Lichtenstein was reported C. laticornis on some larvae Gracilia minuta (Col., Cerambycidae) from France in 1919 (2).
Noyes (2014) reported other hosts from Coleoptera for C. laticornis that are include Mecinus pyraster (Curculionidae), Hylesinus oleiperda and Hylensius toranio from Scolytidae, also Gracillaria minuta (Gracillariidae) from Lepidoptera order as primary host for this parasitoid wasp (3).
In this survey C. laticornis was collected from Coleoptra pupa probably belongs to Cerambycidae family on Prunus divaricate from Juybar in 3. Jun. 2012. This species identified by Dr. Antoni Ribes (Spain).
Some characters of this parasitoid were as fallow: Body of female is 3/1-5/7 mm, whole color of body is dark-brown, legs were light brown and tarsi are white. There was two transvers brown patch in front wings. Body is narrow. Gaster in lowest 2/4x as long as width. Head in dorsal view was as 2/2x as width, scutellum is long. Marginal vein was at least 1/7x as long as stigmal vein. Fifth tergite has lower width. Marginal vein specially is longer than postmarginal vein and its length was about 1/8-1/9 stigmal vein.