عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Ephedra (Ephedracae) belongs to Klamidosperm (2) and growths in arid areas, desert and mountain. In Iran, it includes 13 species with 13 varieties. It’s a medical plant and uses for more than 2000 years in Chinese traditional medicine for asthma and other respiratory problems (4). Different species of Ephedra have more or less well-known ephedrine alkaloids that use widely. Ephedra fruit’s extract is effective for respiratory problems (3). It has different pest, such as 10 species of the families of Curculionidae, Bruchidae and superfamily Chalcidoidea. Some of these wasps are pest and parasitoid of Bruchidae such as Bruchidius.
During this study, specimens were collected by aspirator and were kept in the micro tubes containing 70% alcohol. The initial investigation showed it belongs to the genus Ksenoplata. These species was identified as Ksenoplata quadrata Bouček, 1965 using identification keys of Bouček (1965) and Trjapitzin (1981). This species has not been collected in Iran so far (3). Specimens are deposited in the insect collection of the Department of Plant Protection, East-Azarbaijan Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tabriz, Iran.
(1) Bouček, Z., Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 38: 373-376, 1965;
(2) Ghahraman, A., Botanical Base. Volume I. Tehran University Press. 443 - 451, 2010;
(3) Lotfalizadeh, H. and Gharali, B., Entomofauna 29(6): 93-120, 2008;
(4) Noyes, J. S., Universal Chalcidoidea Database. Available on: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/ entomology/chalcidoids/index.html (accessed 27 July 2016), 2016.
(5) SHARMA, K. and HADA, D., Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. Department of Botany, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, 2014.