تنوع گونه‏ ای زنبورهای پارازیتویید گروه Ichneumoniformes (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) در شهرستان جیرفت، استان کرمان، ایران

نوع مقاله: حشره شناسی کشاورزی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

2 استادیار، گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر شامل بررسی تنوع گونه‌ای زنبورهای گروه Ichneumoniformes (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) در مناطق مختلف شهرستان جیرفت (جنوب شرق ایران) می‌باشد. بدین منظور، نمونه‌برداری‌هایی طی سال‌های 1393 و 1394 با استفاده از تله‌ی مالیز در مناطق و ارتفاعات مختلف انجام شد. نمونه‌های مورد نظر تا سطح گونه شناسایی و تعداد افراد هر گونه شمارش شد. تنوع گونه‌ای با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SDR 4 بررسی شد. در مجموع 20 گونه متعلق به 17 جنس به عنوان فون شهرستان جیرفت در این تحقیق ارائه شد. بر اساس شاخص‌های شانون‌ وینر و پیلوجی منطقه‌ی مسکون از نظر تنوع گونه‌ای و یکنواختی در صدر قرار گرفت و پس از آن به ترتیب مناطق جیرفت و فاریاب در رده‌های بعدی قرار گرفتند. در بین کل نمونه‌های جمع‌آوری شده گونه Mesostenus grammicus با 31 نمونه (22.14 %) در تمام مناطق مورد مطالعه بیشترین فراوانی را به خود اختصاص داد. هم‌چنین پنج گونه هر یک تنها با یک نمونه (0.71%) به عنوان گونه‌های نادر شناخته شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Species diversity of parasitoid wasps of Ichneumoniformes (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in Jiroft county, Kerman province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. MAHYABADI 1
  • M. KHAYRANDISH KASHKOOEI 2
  • H. M. TAKALOOZADEH 2
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present survey, provides species diversity of Ichneumoniformes (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in some areas of Jiroft (Southeast Iran). Sampling was done during 2014-2015 at different locations and altitudes with Malaise trap. All obtained specimens were identified to species level and also the numbers of each species per sample were counted. The collected specimens were analyzed with the software SDR 4. A total of 20 species from 17 genera are listed in this paper as the fauna of Jiroft. The results of indices of Shannon Winer and Pielou J showed that Maskoon with 17 species and 49 specimens has the highest diversity and evenness, Jiroft with 15 species and 54 specimens, Faryab with 8 species and 13 specimens were the next rates. Among all species Mesostenus grammicus with 31 specimens (22.14%) has the most abundance in all studied area. Also five species of them with only one specimen (0.71%) were determined as subrare species.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cryptinae
  • Ichneumoninae
  • Iran
  • Jiroft
  • species diversity
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