تراکم جمعیت پروانه چوبخوار پسته Kermania pistaciella Amsel روی ارقام مختلف پسته

نوع مقاله: حشره شناسی کشاورزی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی پژوهشکده پسته، موسسه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، رفسنجان، ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی پژوهشکده پسته، موسسه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

چکیده

پروانه چوبخوار پسته Kermania pistaciella Amsel یکی از آفات مهم پسته می‌باشد. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی میزان آلودگی ارقام مختلف پسته نسبت به این آفت انجام شد. بررسی‌های صحرایی در کلکسیون ارقام پسته موجود در سه ایستگاه تحقیقاتی پسته: ایستگاههای شماره‌ی 1 و 2 رفسنجان و ایستگاه کرمان به‌ترتیب روی 38، 25 و 29 رقم پسته، طی سال‌های 1384 تا 1387 انجام شد. برای بررسی میزان آلودگی از هر رقم شش درخت انتخاب شد و از هر درخت 50 خوشه به‌طور تصادفی هم‌زمان با برداشت محصول در نیمه دوم شهریور چیده شد. با آماربرداری از خوشه‌های آلوده و سالم پسته، میزان آلودگی تعیین گردید. براساس نتایج این پژوهش، در ایستگاه شماره‌ی یک، رقم ایتالیایی‌ریز بیشترین آلودگی و رقم لک‌سی‌ریزی کمترین آلودگی به این آفت را داشتتند. در ایستگاه شماره‌ی 2 رقم‌های شستی و خنجری دامغان به‌ترتیب بیشترین و کمترین آلودگی را نشان دادند، اما میزان آلودگی چهار رقم تجاری (اوحدی، احمدآقایی، کله‌قوچی و اکبری) اختلاف معنی‌دار نداشتند. در ایستگاه کرمان، بیشترین آلودگی در رقم کریم‌آبادی و کمترین آلودگی در رقم هراتی به‌دست آمد. اوج ظهور حشرات کامل
K. pistaciella از مرحله گرده افشانی تا زمان تشکیل میوه‌های پسته به‌دست آمد. اطلاعات حاصل از این پژوهش می‌تواند در مدیریت کنترل پروانه چوبخوار پسته قابل استفاده باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Population density of the pistachio twig borer moth, Kermania pistaciella Amsel on pistachio cultivars

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Basirat 1
  • Mohammad Reza Mehrnejad 2
1 Member of scientific board, Pistachio Research Center, Horticultural Sciences Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Rafsanjan, Iran
2 Member of scientific board, Pistachio Research Center, Horticultural Sciences Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Rafsanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The pistachio twig borer moth, Kermania pistaciella Amsel (Lep.: Tineidae) is one of the most important pests of pistachio trees in Iran. This study was carried out with the purpose of examining the infestation rate for various cultivars to this pest. The field studies were conducted for the collection of existing pistachio cultivars at three pistachio research stations including Rafsanjan stations 1 and 2 as well as at Kerman station respectively on 38, 25 and 29 pistachio cultivars during 2005 – 2008. The infestation rate was determined with selection of six trees related to each pistachio cultivar, and 50 clusters of each tentative tree were picked up randomly, and also by sampling from the healthy and infected clusters simultaneously at harvesting time in September. The results showed that, the cultivars of Italiaei Rize were the most infested and Lak Sirizei had the least infected clusters of this pest at the station number 1. In station number 2, the cultivars of Shasti and Khanjari Damghan indicated the highest and the least infested clusters of this pest respectively, but the infestation rate for 4 commercial cultivars e.g. Ohadi, Ahmad Aghaei, Kallehghochi and Akbari, had no significant difference. In Kerman station, the highest infestation obtained for cultivar of Karim-Abadi and cultivar of Harati had the least infested clusters. Maximum emergence of matured K. pistaciella occurred since pollination stage until the time of fruit formation on commercial pistachio cultivars. The information obtained from this research can be used for controlling management of this pest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pistachio cultivars
  • infestation of Kermania pistaciella
  • sensitivity
  • resistance

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