اثر روغن معدنی بر کنترل شب‌پره جوانه‌خوار مرکبات Archips rosanus و میزان تولید میوه پرتقال واشنگتن ناول

نوع مقاله: حشره شناسی کشاورزی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

2 استاد گروه گیاهپزشکی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

3 کارشناس فنی شرکت خدمات فنی و مشاوره‌ای کشت‌زار طبرستان، ساری، ایران

10.22092/jaep.2019.123044.1244

چکیده

شب‌پره جوانه‌خوار مرکبات، Archips rosanus (Linnaeus) از آفات مهم درختان مرکبات در استان مازندران می‌باشد. این پژوهش در قالب دو آزمایش جداگانه در باغ مرکبات واقع در روستای مقری‌کلا از توابع شهرستان بابلسر انجام شد. آزمایش اول جهت بررسی تأثیر کاربرد روغن معدنی بر میزان خسارت در زمان گلدهی در تاریخ 11/1/95 در قالب طرح پایه کاملاً تصادفی با سه تیمار شامل روغن معدنی 5/1 درصد، آبامکتین (8/1 درصد EC) با غلظت 750 میلی لیتر در هزار لیتر آب و شاهد (بدون پاشش) و در سه تکرار انجام شد. آزمایش دوم به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر کاربرد روغن معدنی بر تولید میوه در زمان گلدهی مشابه آزمایش اول بود. نتایج آزمایش اول نشان داد بعد از محلول‌پاشی، تیمارهای مورد مطالعه از نظر تعداد جوانه آلوده به ازای هر درخت از نظر آماری در سطح یک درصد معنی‌دار بود (01/0 >p). مقایسه میانگین جوانه های آلوده در هر درخت به‌ترتیب در شاهد، آبامکتین و روغن معدنی a33/21، b22/9 و b89/8 عدد بود. نتایج آزمایش دوم نیز نشان داد میزان تولید میوه مربوط به تیمارهای شاهد، روغن معدنی و آبامکتین به‌ترتیب با میانگین‌های a34/128، a54/125 و a81/122 کیلوگرم به ازای هر درخت اختلاف معنی‌داری با هم نداشتند. نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد کاربرد روغن معدنی و حشره‌کش آبامکتین در زمان گل‌دهی تأثیر سوئی بر تولید میوه نداشته و قادر به کنترل A. rosanus می‌باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of mineral oil on control of Archips rosanus(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and citrus fruit production of Washington Navel orange

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoumeh Marzban Abbasabadi 1
  • mohammad reza damavandian 2
  • Pooneh Ghaemian Amiri 3
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Cultural Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
3 The technical expert, Technical and Consulting Services Company of Tabarestan, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Archips rosanus (Linnaeus), is one of the most important pests of citrus trees in Mazandaran province. This study was conducted in two separate experiments in citrus orchards located in Maqrikola, Babolsar city. The first experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of mineral oil application in flowering time on the damage of this pest in a completely randomized design with three treatments including 1.5% mineral oil, abamectin (EC 0.8%) with a concentration of 750 ml/100L and control (without spraying) in three replications on 31th March 2016. The second experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of mineral oil application in flowering time on fruit production of citrus trees that were similar to the first one. The results of the first experiment showed that the number of infested shoots per tree were statistically different  at 1% level (p <0.01). The mean of infestation in control, abamectin and mineral oil treatments were 21.33a, 9.22b and 8.89b infested shoots per tree, respectively. The results of the second experiment showed that the average amounts of fruit production were 128.34a, 125.54a and 122.81a kg per tree in control, mineral oil and abamectin treatments respectively. Ttere was no statistically significant difference between them. The results of this study showed that application of mineral oil or abamectin in flowering stage has not harm effect on fruit production and it is able to control A. rosanus.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Archips rosanus
  • Abamectin
  • citrus orchard
  • flowering
  • mineral oil

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