رابطه بین بیماری فیزیولوژیکی پوسیدگی گلگاه (Blossom End Rot) و آلودگی میوه به کرم غوزه پنبه Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) در مزارع گوجه فرنگی

نوع مقاله: مدیریت آفات و بیماری‌های گیاهی

نویسندگان

1 بخش تحقیقات کشاورزی، آگرونوتریشن، کربن، فرانسه

2 بخش حشره شناسی گروه گیاهپزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

کلسیم یکی از مهم‌ترین عناصر غذایی مورد نیاز گیاه گوجه فرنگی است که کمبود آن منجر به حساسیت این گیاه به تنش‌های محیطی و عوامل زنده می‌شود. کرم غوزه پنبه به عنوان یکی از مهم‌ترین آفات میوه گوجه فرنگی هر ساله باعث کاهش تولید و صرف هزینه‌های بالا برای کنترل خسارت آن می‌شود. تحقیق حاضر به مطالعه رابطه کمبود کلسیم در میوه‌های گوجه‌فرنگی و میزان آلودگی میوه‌ها به کرم غوزه پنبه در دو منطقه آبگرم و قلعه شهدای استان قزوین در طول فصل زراعی 1394 پرداخته است. بر اساس نتایج بدست آمده رابطه مستقیمی بین کمبود کلسیم و میزان ابتلا به کرم غوزه پنبه وجود داشت. همچنین با افزایش اندازه و وزن میوه‌ها میزان آلودگی به آفت کاهش ‌یافته، درحالیکه میزان کمبود کلسیم در میوه‌ها نیز افزایش می‌یابد. بیشترین میزان آلودگی در مراحل تشکیل میوه و بیشترین میزان کمبود کلسیم در مرحله رنگ‌گیری میوه‌ها مشاهده شد. با توجه به نتایج بدست آمده به نظر می‌رسد که کمبود کلسیم نقش مهمی در میزان خسارت کرم غوزه پنبه روی گوجه فرنگی داشته باشد. از سوی دیگر تغذیه گیاهان با میزان کافی و در زمان مناسب می‌تواند باعث کاهش میزان آلودگی در گیاهان گوجه فرنگی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between physiological disease, blossom end rot and infestation to cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the tomato fields

نویسندگان [English]

  • H. KISHANI FARAHNI 1
  • Z. BIGHAM 2
  • F. ATTIA 1
چکیده [English]

Calcium is an important nutrient element for tomato plant, which its deficiency leads to sensitivity to environmental and biotic stress. Helicoverpa armigera is a major agricultural pest, which causes severe yield lose and increases the cost of pest control annually. The current research carried out to  study relationship between calcium deficiency of tomato fruits and the infection rate offruits to H. arimigera in two regions of Qazvin province, Abgram and QleShohad area during 2015 cropping season. According to the obtained results, a positive relationship between calcium deficiency and infection rate of fruits has discovered. Calcium deficient fruits were more susceptible to
H. arimigera. Also it was found that by increasing fruit size and weight, infection rate to H. arimigera has been decreased, whereas deficiency of calcium in the fruits has been increased. The Highest infection rate was observed during fruit setting, while the highest deficiency rate observed during coloring of fruits. According to the results, it seems that calcium deficiency has an important role in tomato fruit worm damage level. On the other hand, managing plants nutrition with appropriate nutritional requirements at the right time can reduce infestation rate to tomato fruit worm.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • fruit coloring
  • fruit setting
  • tomato
  • tomato fruit worm
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