عنوان مقاله [English]
In the summer of 2018, viral symptoms corresponded to Strawberry mottle virus (SMoV) in some strawberry fields were observed and 48 leaf samples/plants were collected from different fields from Kurdistan Province. In the preliminary test, some samples were inoculated to Fragaria vesca by strawberry aphid (Chaetosiphon fragaefolii) and SMoV-symptoms were observed after about two weeks. Then, total RNA of samples was extracted by silica-capture method and subjected to cDNA synthesize with random hexamer primers. RT-PCR was done by specific SMoV pair primer and amplified fragments were observed on 1.2% agarose gels. RT-PCR results were showed that 28 out of 48 samples were infected by SMoV. Based on the geographical origin, cultivar and symptoms, five isolates were selected, ligated to pTG-19 and transformed to Escherichia coli. Recombinant plasmids were sequenced and analyzed for molecular characterization and phylogenetic studies on SMoV 3΄NCR. Mean genetic distance between the isolates from Iran was 0.005 ± 0.002 but between these isolates and the other isolates available in GenBank was 0.084 ± 0.008. The highest and lowest genetic distance was found between K3 with NSper51 (0.093 ± 0.008) and SQA/AG with NB926 (0.019 ± 0.017) from Canada, respectively. This is the first report on occurrence of SMoV on strawberry in Kurdistan Province.
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